septic tank systems

What’s the Best Type of Septic System for Your Home?

Whether you’re building a new home or replacing an aging septic system, it’s important to choose the right kind for your needs. Learn about the various types of septic systems and their associated costs so that you can make an informed decision.

Understand the Different Types of Septic Systems

Before you can decide which type of septic system is best for your home, it’s important to understand the three main types: conventional systems, alternative systems, and advanced treatment systems.

Conventional septic systems use gravity to carry wastewater away from the home. Alternative systems use a motor or pump to move wastewater along, while advanced treatment systems use a combination of mechanical and natural processes to purify wastewater before it is discharged into the soil.

Learn About the Local Climate and Soil Conditions

Equally as important as understanding the different types of septic systems is being aware of local climate and soil conditions. Different climates bring different needs—for example, in temperatures below 40°F a gravity system may not be suitable, while an alternative system would be best.

In addition, your soil type determines how effectively water will filter through the soil and into the ground, so it’s important to determine what type of soil you have before investing in a septic system.

Consider Maintenance Costs for the Type of System You Choose

Maintenance costs need to be taken into account when selecting your septic system as different systems have different requirements. For instance, aerobic systems are typically more expensive to maintain due to the use of electricity and need for special filters and cleaning.

On the other hand, gravity systems require little ongoing maintenance beyond pumping out the tank every two or three years, making them an economical choice for many homeowners.

Understand Septic Tank Safety Standards and Regulations

Before purchasing or installing a septic system, it’s important to research local building codes and safety regulations. Different areas have different regulations when it comes to septic systems, so understanding these requirements ensures your system will operate safely and efficiently.

Some states may require that a licensed professional inspect the site prior to installation to ensure proper placement of the tank, make sure there’s adequate drainage for sewage water, and make sure the soil is conducive to septic system installation.

Consider Alternative Septic Systems, Such as Aerobic Treatment Units or Mound Systems

For some, the traditional septic system may not be the most suitable solution. In these cases, consider alternative options such as Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) or mound systems. ATUs use oxygen to help break down organic materials in sewage and generate enough effluent quality for irrigation systems or even individual toilets.

Mound systems consist of a raised bed of gravel that filters wastewater. While more expensive than traditional septic systems, they’re considered effective in areas with poor draining soil or high water tables because they help remove contaminants from wastewater before releasing it back into the environment.

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